Streptodermia – unpleasant infection – how to get infected
Children on the skin often make wet sores, which are then covered with crusts. The same rashes may occur in the corners of the mouth. The culprit of this disease is an infection. If streptodermia appears in the children’s team, urgent sanitary and hygienic measures must be carried out, otherwise all children can be infected.
What is streptodermia and the reasons for its appearance
Streptodermia is an acute skin disease skin disease – characterized by general intoxication caused by streptococci. Streptococci are part of the conditionally pathogenic microflora living on the surface of the skin of man. It is called a conditionally pathogenic because it causes a disease only under certain conditions: with a decrease in immunity (after transferred acute diseases, supercooling and t.D.) or when a small wound on the skin appears.
Streptodermia can be infected from another person, especially often it happens in children’s teams, when immunity in children is still not fully formed. In such cases, a quarantine begins in the group and in accordance with the existing rules, sanitary and hygienic measures are carried out.
Signs and streptodermia
With streptodermia on the skin, soft sluggish bubbles filled with muddy content, which are called phlichetins appear. The size of the flicen usually does not exceed the centimeter in diameter (less often reach four centimeters), they are almost not towering above the skin. On the periphery of the fluxes are surrounded by a strip of empty leather. After some time, the bubbles die, covered with a golden crust, which then disappears and the pink spot remains in her place, surrounded by slightly peeling skin.
The favorite place of the appearance of flicten – face and hands, but they can appear in other places. Rales can be located separately, and can merge among themselves and then the skin of the child is covered with purulent crusts.
Streptodermia can proceed in the form of an acute process when the springs on the skin are accompanied by general disorders: increasing the temperature, malaise, weakness, headache, increasing nearby lymph nodes. In such cases, with proper tactics of treatment, streptodermia passes without a trace.
If streptodermia is not treated, then she can leak for a long time, chronically. In such cases, the skin from time to time appear large (up to several centimeters in diameter) bubbles that are revealed, forming brownish crusts. After throwing off crusts on the skin there are spots peeling around the edges. If the chronic form of streptodermia continues for a long time, an allergic process is joined, which takes. Over time, such streptodermia can go into a chronic infectious-allergic disease – microbial.
Like any infectious disease, streptodermia can give complications from the domestic organs, the heart muscle (myocarditis) and kidney (glomerulonephritis) is especially affected. Local complications are manifested by abscesses (affixes, limited capsule) and phlegmons (Jews, unrelated from the surrounding tissues).
Streptococcal Zaza is a disease of the mucous membrane and the skin of the angles of the mouth, caused by streptococci. This is one of the varieties of streptodermia. Sounds arise more often in children who have a habit of licking lips, as well as in older people who wear prostheses.
Zapia begins with redness and mocking of the skin and mucous membrane in the corners of the mouth, then cracked or erosion (surface impairment of the skin), which are coated with honey-yellow crust over time. After reveling the crusts, the pink spot remains.
If the current is taking a protracted or chronic character, then deep painful cracks with dense feed edges are formed in the corners of the mouth.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of the appearance of characteristic spindles on the skin. Confirmed the presence of streptococcal infection Streptococcal infection – how dangerous it is? Laboratory, in the study of painted smears taken from the contents of flicten, under the microscope. Sowing biological material for nutrient media is also produced, while the causative agent of infection is identified and its sensitivity to antibiotics is determined.
The presence of streptodermia is often a sign of imminent imminent immunity – guarding your health . Therefore, the treatment of this disease is necessarily accompanied by the appointment of drugs that contribute to the restoration of the body’s protective forces: vitamin and mineral complexes, various biostimulants, and T.D. With a long-flowing recurrent streptodermia, an immunologist is needed.
With extensive rashes, antibiotics are prescribed (only after determining the sensitivity to them causative agent infection). Flicenes are opened, then lubricated with alcohol solutions of the gentianelet or diamond greenery. When crusts appear, they are applied by ointment with antibiotics.
Remember: if the child has a small injury on the skin, it must be carefully treated with an alcoholic solution of iodine, otherwise it can become a gate for penetration into the skin of the conditionally pathogenic microflora.