Streptococcal infection – how dangerous it is?
For the first time, streptococci were found in 1874 in patients with horn and some wound infections. Today, streptococcal infections are among the most common. These include infections such as mugs, scarlet nature, purulent angins, chronic tonsillites.
What infections can cause streptococci
Streptococci are spheroid or oval cells forming chains of different lengths. Alfa-hemolytic, beta hemolytic and gamma non-hymolytic streptococci distinguish. In the incidence of man, beta hemolytic streptococci have the greatest importance.
In terms of differences in the structure of polysaccharides, which are part of streptococci, there are more than 20 groups of streptococci, which are denoted by the letters of the Latin alphabet. For a person mainly pathogenic beta hemolytic streptococci groups A. They can be causative agents of such infectious inflammatory diseases like angina, chronic tonsillitis, scarletin, wound infections, sepsis (blood infection), infectious allergic diseases, such as acute glomerulonephritis, rheumatism and face.
Streptococci groups in can cause mastitis mastitis – it is easier to prevent than to treat (breast inflammation), urinary infections, sepsis and meningitis. Streptococci groups C, G, H, F are often found on the mucous membrane of a human point, including when acute respiratory diseases. Streptococci groups d or fecal streptococci can be constantly in the colon area, without causing inflammatory processes in it, but when entering blood can cause infections of the urinary system and hearts (endocardits). Some groups of streptococci pathogenic for animals.
It is an infection that is caused by beta hemolytic streptococci groups A and is manifested in the form of an inflammatory process on the skin or mucous membranes, high temperature and a violation of the general condition of the body. A feature of the beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A is that it also causes allergyizing the body with an inflammatory reaction; therefore, the face is considered an infectious-allergic disease. In addition, streptococcis are distinguished toxins and enzymes, destructive tissues of the human body.
You can get sick after contact with a person, patient or a surrendous disease caused by beta hemolytic streptococcus group A (with direct contact through hands, through objects, air-droplet). Sometimes a source of infection is the person himself – the causative agent of infection falls into an open wound from another focus of infection (for example, with an angina). Provisible to the emergence of the faces, any diseases and injuries, resulting in impaired skin integrity.
After entering infections into the skin, noonal and headache appear first after three days, then high temperature, pain in the muscles and joints. The skin of inflammation appears in the form of a small red spot, which has clear boundaries, is growing rapidly and rises above the skin. The skin is hot, inflamed, the patient feels strong burning and itching in this area. After some time, bubbles and hemorrhages may appear on the affected skin. Nearby lymph nodes increase. If the course of the disease does not complicate anything, then it gradually subsides in one two weeks.
The face can be complicated by the appearance in the subcutaneous fiber of the fiber of ulcers (abscesses, phlegm), ulcers on the skin, inflammation of lymphatic assemblies and veins, lemphs in lymphatic vessels, resulting in stagnation eats of soft tissues occurs, the connecting tissue grows and elephant is generated (elephant Increase in volume, such as legs). In addition, the face can be complicated by blood infection (sepsis), complications from the kidneys and heart.
Treatment of faces
Treatment of faces is the destruction of the causative agent of infection (antibiotics are appointed), a decrease in the activity of the inflammatory process, strengthening immunity immunity – guarding your health, strengthening the walls of blood vessels, activating the exchange processes that promote the discontinuation of the inflammatory process (vitamins and mineral substances). If bubbles were formed on the skin, they are tingled, the liquid is removed and imposed bandages with antibacterial solutions. Apply local and physiotherapy procedures.
To prevent the recurrence of the disease (and this happens quite often) patients appointed antibiotic preventive treatment courses.
Due to the allergyization of the body, streptococcal infections are often recurrenced, causing many complications from the internal organs. Therefore, they require long systematic treatment under the control of the doctor.